A token is a digital value object, or a digital representation of some nondigital value. We see them in various crypto’s, and as non fungible tokens to reflect ownership of some asset. Together with 2tokens, we have carried out an explorative project for energy / solar panel based tokens. How we explored the ecosystem, you can read in this whitepaper.
Google is under fire by regulators for anti-competitive behavior. Is there something wrong with its business models? What are its business models anyway? In this White Paper we analyze Google’s business models and contrast them with its stated mission to improve the world for as many people as possible.
Spotify streams audio and collects royalties. So far, the business model is not financially sustainable for Spotify itself nor for most artists whose music it streams. This report analyzes Spotify’s business model, identifies the cause of the problem, and explores ways out of this predicament.
Amazon has created a vast, smart, and centrally governed ecosystem ecosystem of ecosystems that is centrally governed. To increase shareholder value and create a frictionless buying experience, the ecosystem contains anti-competitive practices and generates frictions for stakeholders other than shareholders and buyers. This White paper analyzes the ecosystem and draws lessons learned about ecosystem governance.
WeChat is the operating system of daily life in China. It offers instant messaging, social networking, gaming, payment services, shopping, third-party services, government service and smart home services. This White Paper gives an overview of the value networks of these value propositions and some highlights of the governance structure of the WeChat ecosystem.
APIs can connect your business to your ecosystem. This white paper defines a simple method by which to define your API’s starting from the needs of stakeholders of your ecosystem. We use the Covid-19 APIs of Mulesoft, a Salesforce subsidiary, as an example.
LinkedIn earns money by a subscription model (freemium) advertisements (promoted posts) and selling access to data (e.g. recruitment services).
Twitter creates and exploits an ecosystem of users, influencers, premium content providers, advertisers and businesses to exploit user attention and sell user data.
Apple Pay and Apple Card have inserted themselves in the payment ecosystem at the point where it matters: The user interface. This white paper presents their value propositions, value networks and profit models for Apple.
We analyze the value propositions of credit card transactions for stakeholders in the credit card ecosystem, present the value network of credit card transactions and summarize the profit model for card associations.
We exhibit Facebook’s ecosystem and present the value networks of users, advertisers, publishers and game developers using e3value and the TVE business model template.
This white paper presents a method used in low-resource regions to develop communities by balancing the interests of all stakeholders. Technical and commercial feasibility of a solution idea for the ecosystem are assessed early.
This catalog of business model innovation tactics integrates and extends extant catalogs, and structures it according to the TVE business model template.
We analyze the Business Model Canvas, Chesbrough’s template for business models in open innovation, and Johnson’s business model template for transformative growth. Based on this we define the TVE business model template, which emphasizes networking and quantification of commerce.
In this white paper, we explore how e3value can be used to explore the Netflix eco-system. Based on publicly available information, we extract the eco-system of Netflix, including most of the financials.